To find the answers we must consult the Tithe Maps. These maps were not common before 1836, when the Tithe Commutation Act, 1836, came into force. The Act, replaced the ancient system of payments of tithes in kind with the monetary payments. Tithes were originally paid to the Rector of the local parish, as alms and as payments for his services. The tithes, were often stores in tithe barns. After Henry VIII’s Dissolution of the Monasteries (1536-41), the land was passed from the church, and tithes were paid to private landlords. The Act also allowed tithes to be paid in cash rather than in kind. Maps were produced with an accompanying schedule, giving the names of all owners and occupiers of land. The schedule also gave a description of the land, including fields and sometimes field names. Three copies were made, one held by the Tithe Commissioners, one locally in the parish church and the other in the Diocesan Registry.
The 1851 Census, taken on 30th March, had changed from the 1841 one.